Genealogy of Cain Back to all sermons


Date: April 8, 2018

Speaker: Sean Grossman

Series: Genesis

  • Genesis 4:17-26
  • Genealogy of Cain

17 Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. When he built a city, he called the name of the city after the name of his son, Enoch. 18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

(Genesis 4:17-18)

19 And Lamech took two wives. The name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah. 20 Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe. 22 Zillah also bore Tubal-cain; he was the forger of all instruments of bronze and iron. The sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

(Genesis 4:19-22)

23 Lamech said to his wives:

“Adah and Zillah, hear my voice;

you wives of Lamech, listen to what I say:

I have killed a man for wounding me,

a young man for striking me.

24  If Cain's revenge is sevenfold,

then Lamech's is seventy-sevenfold.”

(Genesis 4:23-24)

25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.” 26 To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the Lord.

(Genesis 4:25-26)

Main Point

  • This reflects on the genealogy of Cain
  • Despite being cursed he is blessed
  • His progeny are creators and builders, but they still lead to a path of destruction
  • Despite this, the chapter ends with hope at the birth of Seth and those who call upon the name of the Lord

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate
  • When we first encountered humanity, we saw God’s blessing, “To be fruitful and multiply”
  • The cultural mandate to “have dominion”
  • We see the blessing, and the cultural mandate
  • This first makes us think of the blessing of offspring
  • The blessing is not only for the righteous or good
  • The blessing is given to all of humanity
  • Progeny is a reflection of the blessing

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (2)
  • There are many who have offspring in and outside of marriage
  • There are those brought into the world in stable and unstable conditions
  • We see the common theme of God’s blessing
  • There have been times of children being conceived in an unworthy manner, and many good Christians end up scorning the coming of new life
  • It should be of no surprise abortion has such a high rate, when we consider babies a mistake
  • Human conception, under every circumstance, is a blessing
  • Because of this we should rejoice with the blessing

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (3)
  • Far too often it is possible to make others feel horrendous for the blessing
  • The Church should be the primary group who recognizes that all offspring are a blessing
  • Does that mean we should refrain from teaching on abstinence? No, we should encourage the younger generation and warn them about passions
  • Children are a blessing. <period
  • It’s not a, “under the right circumstances it’s true.”
  • It’s always true, and it makes it sorrowful when we fail to take such teachings seriously

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (4)
  • What can we do to help those who have received the blessing?
  • It’s a matter of helping them remember the reality of their offspring
  • It’s remembering what Eve says of Seth, “God has appointed me this offspring.”
  • It is God’s doing, and it is our responsibility to rejoice

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (5)
  • This leads to the reflection of the culture
  • The cultural mandate is again, a reflection of Genesis 1-2
  • Create, build!
  • These individuals did just that
  • This should cause us to rejoice over the discovery
  • The arts, culture, sciences, creativity etc. are all good things
  • Even generations who do not have the best lineage can fulfill the cultural mandate, and we can rejoice

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (6)
  • Yet that leads to Lamech, with the first polygamous relationship
  • The cultural mandate being fulfilled does not necessarily lead to good things
  • We rejoice over culture and achievement, but we must remember that when placed in the hands of sinful humanity can be used for evil
  • Music and movies which are good, but can also lead us into darkness
  • What should the Christian response be?
  • Celebrate culture and achievement, but have a keen mind to critique and offer a response
  • To rejoice, and then seek to lead to the glory of God

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (7)
  • We should be rejoicing in such things and encouraging each other who are gifted
  • To make and create for the glory of God
  • This chapter reminds us of this, as it ends with those who call upon the name of the Lord
  • The world is in need of those who call upon the name of the Lord
  • This is our place
  • When we consider this genealogy we praise God for the offspring and creativity, but also recognize our call to shine the Light by calling upon the name of the Lord

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (8)
  • The way in which we renew this culture is to be faithful to what God has called us to be and do
  • We do this when we make certaint o proclaim what the Lord has commanded of us, and when we seek to live according to His will
  • “The people of God have always been able to use the advances of culture for their task, but they have had to learn to keep things in proper perspective. The evidence of this perspective, and the safeguarding of it, lies in the message of the narrative: In an affluent and self-indulgent society, the righteous must preserve the knowledge of the Lord.” – Allen Ross

Application Points

  • Offspring and the Cultural Mandate (9)
  • As Cains progeny created, slowly we find their leaders giving into base desires and passions
  • So it is, we must stand firm on the truth in our own society
  • In this way we will maintain our course with our culture and our gifts
  • Which leads to our ultimate purpose to glorify our Father in heaven

Application Points

  • The Gospel of Christ
  • Origins
  • Fall
  • Redemption
  • Glorification